YOGA, HEALTH AND WELLNESS: COMMON RULES & GUIDELINES FOR PRANAYAMA
YOGA, HEALTH AND WELLNESS: COMMON RULES & GUIDELINES FOR PRANAYAMA: Pranayama is a Sanskrit word meaning as “extension of the prana or “breath control.” The word is composed of two Sanskrit words: prana meaning life force and either ayama (to restrain or control the breath, implying a bunch of breathing techniques where the breath is intentionally altered in order to produce specific results) or the negative form ayama, meaning to extend or draw out (as in extension of the life force). It is a yogic discipline that has been originated in the country India.
To reach to the successful benefits of Pranayama for complete health and wellness, you shall follow the following rules and guidelines:
- AIR: Make sure that you practice pranayama in an open place where the air is clean, fresh and not polluted. Also the place is not windy.
- PLACE: The place where you practice or intending to practice Pranayama, should be clean, open, airy and not smelly.
- TIME: the time of sunrise is the best time to practice Pranayama.
- ON AN EMPLTY STOMACH: It is always better and beneficial to practice Pranayama on an empty stomach after getting fresh and bath. You can also practice Pranayama 3 hours after your meal.
- ATTIRE: Your clothes in which you practice Pranayama should be clean and loose and apt for the weather.
- PRACTICE: you should practice Pranayama in a clean and fresh environment and if you also practice Yogasana, then it should always be followed by Paranayam and not otherwise. You should start the practice with Padmasana, Vajrasana with a calm and stress-free mind and then gradually increase the time of your practice. The process of breathing shall be uninterrupted. Do not practice pranayamaa during breathlessness. Especially Kumbhak(retention of holding the breath) shall be practiced with due care and caution after learning it from a Pranayamai. People suffering from weak lungs, asthma, high blood pressure, fever, heart diseases should not practice Kumbhak. There shall not be any iota of stress on your face while practicing Pranayama. Pranayamaa should always be practiced according to the weather and nature and you should take rest after every session of Pranayama.
- DIET: The diet of a Pranayami shall always be vegetarian and simple. He should be free of polluted mind & thoughts and should be soft spoken and shall follow five niyamas and five yamas . Yamas like Ahinsa(non-violence), Satya(truthfulness), Asteya(non-stealing) Brahmacharya(continence), Aparigraha(non-covetousness) and Niyamas like saucha(cleanliness), Samtosa(contentment), Tapas(spiritual austerities), Svadhyaya(study of the sacred scriptures and of one’s self, Isvara pranidhana(surrender to God). He should also be aware of 8 limbs of Yoga: Yama(behaviour and conduct), Niyam(self-discipline), Asana(postures practiced in yoga) Pranayama(breath control), Pratyahar(withdrawal or sensory transcendence, Dhaarna(concentration), Dhyan(meditation) and Samadhi(state of ecstasy) and should intend to learn the complete technique of Prnayama
In the end, remember Pranayama is not a type of workout rather it is a Yogik vidhi that brings functionality and freshness in the body and helps in complete health and wellness. It is not advisable to practice this as a workout or exercise, which is why it is to be practiced keeping your health, capability, age and strength in mind and then gradually reaching to the expertise by performing each asana and pranayama successfully in a right way.